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A Home School for Capisnon Orphans

One day in August 1904, a local constabulary commandant informed Mrs. Robbins about the case of orphaned three children—one girl and two boys. Their father, a bandit chief, was sentenced to life imprisonment and they had no mother to look after them. The Robbins, who already had seven orphan children under their ward, adopted the girl named Regina. The two boys were sent to good homes nearby. Little did the Robbins know that their noble act of giving home to a young girl would later have a significant impact to the lives of many people in Capiz.
Barely a month earlier, the Robbins arrived in Capiz, after a stint in Iloilo. Two years ago, the Baptist faith was introduced to the natives of Capiz when Swedish missionary, Eric Lund, arrived together with Braulio Manikan, a Capisnon from the Aklan part of the province. With the help of a wealthy gentleman, Don Manuel Gregorio, the Baptist missionaries slowly spread their faith, despite the taunts and threats from the clergy.
American hi…
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Historic Churches of Frankfurt

In 2017, I had the chance to explore Europe and a fifteen-hour layover in Frankfurt meant a tour of the Altstadt, the city’s Old Town, where charming centuries-old buildings managed to survive the ravages of World War II. The history student in me was enlivened with all these structures standing side by side.Of course, the seat of the Holy Roman Empire as a hundred and one and more stories to tell that my short stay is not enough.. Frankfurt has many churches, Catholic and Lutheran alike, and my walking tour from Alstadt to Sachsenhausen (via Eiserner Steg – the Iron Footbridge) took me to these churches.
Deutschordenskirche (Church of the Teutonic Order)




A hospital in 1182 originally stood in the grounds of the Deutschordenskirche. Taken over by the Teutonic Order in 1221, a Gothic aise-less church was constructed in 1309. High Gothic mural paintings depicting the stations of the cross and scenes of the crucifixion were created in the 1340s. Baroque facade with axial portal was late…

Nipa, Tuba, and the Prewar Distilling Industry of Capiz

Long before the coming of the Spaniards, nipa wine was already an export product of the natives of the Philippines. Extract from the sap of the nipa palm (Nypa fruticans) called tuba was available in many parts of the islands, including the present-day Capiz, where a large portion of its future capital city and the pueblo of Panay used to be swampland. In fact, the native Filipinos had many types of alcoholic drinks to enjoy. A variety of the tuba is the one extracted from the coconut sap. From rice came the tapuy and from sugarcane the basi was made.

Spanish conquistadorMiguel de Loarca noted that the natives “draw a great quantity of wine from the palm-trees.”  The taste was “sweet and good” and the wine was used in “making great quantities of brandy, excellent vinegar and delicious honey.”

Antonio de Morga, a high ranking colonial official in the early 17th century, also recorded that the indios enjoyed "wine made from the tops of coco and nipa palm of which there is a great …

Rynek: Wroclaw’s Historic Market Square

I have never seen a public square so beautiful, so picturesque, so vibrant as that of Rynek. Life transpires here. You see people dancing, singing, playing, painting, eating, or just simply sitting on a bench with a gelato at hand and just wondering, marvelling, witnessing the beauty of life. For the entire week that I stayed in Wroclaw, I did not miss a day without dropping by at the Old Town Square. I could spend an hour or so just staring blankly at the Ratusz (Old Town Hall) while admiring its picture-perfect structure and intricate details. For an old soul like me, this cultural center is heaven!


A Short History of the Rynek
Considered as one of largest market squares in Europe, second only to Krakow’s, Rynek is also where the two largest city halls in Poland is found. The Market Square is surrounded by buildings of different styles. An urban ensemble, it has two diagonally contiguous areas - the Salt Market and the square in front of St. Elisabeth's Church. Eleven streets le…

Bibili ka ba ng Bibingka? A Short History of the Bibingka

A tour of the Sunday market presents you a line of make-shift stalls on sidewalks where the perennial Filipino favorite, the bibingka, is sold. Despite the abundance of foreign pastries that flooded the Filipino table, bibingka and other rice-based kakanin (goodies) are still preferred by the locals. In fact, special occasions call for the bibingka as a staple, especially during All Saints’ Day and Christmas. Rice being the food for the gods in the pre-Spanish society has inspired the culinary genius of the Filipinos andrice cakes now come in various kinds.

According to E. Arsenio Manuel, the word “bi” is Chinese for rice, thus, bibingkabiko (sticky rice cake), bijon (rice noodles) and bilo-bilo (glutinous balls). The Spanish classified the preparation of the bibingka asa puddingmade of glutinous rice flour or ordinary rice made into a wet paste and, later, eggs. Coconut milk or water is also added. Bibingka also strikes a semblance to the Indian desert bebinca, although rice is no…

The Royal Palace of Wroclaw: A Baron’s Mansion Turned King’s Palace

Once in our lives we turn on the TV or turn a page of our favourite book to find it so enchanting that we could only dream that one day we could see that place! Then we wake up one morning to realize that that dream has already come true. Never in our wildest imagination did we realize that it could actually happen. The Royal Palace in Wroclaw is one of those places that I only read about but one cold afternoon, I found myself standing right in front of its gates and, moments later, I was already exploring its Baroque hallways.
A Short History of Wroclaw, Poland



Until 1740, the mineral-rich province of Silesia was part of the Habsburg dominions. For centuries, this dynasty had provided rulers to Spain, Austria, and the Holy Roman Empire. However, when Emperor Charles VI realized that he could not have any male heir, he issued the Pragmatic Sanction that allowed her eldest daughter, Maria Theresa, to inherit the throne. Shortly before he died, the Great Powers refused to acknowledge h…

INKcredible: Ang Panublion Museum Brings you the Art of Terry Gavino

When artist Marika Constantino curated Pagtahud, she featured the works of Capiz’s unsung art luminaries, including, among others, octogenarian TerryGavino. She was lone female artist on the list but that made her stand-out among the rest, as she always does.

Constantino described Tita Terry with petite frame but very commanding presence! In fact, it is not difficult to feel “her fire and passion” when she is around. She speaks her mind when she knew she had a piece or two to tell.



Outside the artistic circle, very few knew that Terry Gavino is an artistic genius. She was instrumental in the design of some of the landmark structures in Roxas City, namely the Roxas City Hall, Capiz Provincial Memorial Hospital and Ang Panublion Museum. The huge illuminated flowers that adorn the streets of Araneta Center every Christmas are products of her concept. They have been brought to Roxas City many times in the past, gracing the city streets during festivities and special occasions.
Her fiery…